How to Write a Summary of an Article? The three texts; T. The writers explore the alienating effect of city life as people are forced to suppress and hide their individual identity by conforming to societal expectations, as well as the Idea of examining the universal nature of human despair and Isolation through their depiction off soulless, disconnected and oppressive society.
Begin this TED Study with a fascinating read that gives context and clarity to the material. Right now, our economy operates as Paul Hawken said, "by stealing the future, selling it in the present and calling it GDP.
But if we think differently, I think that, in fact, we can Urban essay cities that are not only zero emissions, but have unlimited possibilities as well. Alex Steffen The urgency of urban planning today Within a few decades' time, we can expect the planet to become more crowded, resources more precious, and innovative urban planners increasingly important.
By midcentury, the global population will likely top nine billion, and more than half will live in cities. What will these cities look like?
Will we have the resources to power them and comfortably provide for their residents? Will global urbanization harmonize with efforts to curb climate change Urban essay secure a sustainable future, or are these forces hurtling towards a head-on collision?
The TED speakers featured in Ecofying Cities underscore the urgency, but also suggest that some optimism's in order as they outline the issues and offer imaginative solutions.
There's no single reason for or response to the complex environmental, economic and social challenges that are part of our future in cities. They call for multiple approaches, originating from different sources — individuals, communities, governments, businesses — and deployed at different levels — in the home, the neighborhood, the city, region, nation and across the globe — to respond to the challenges at hand.
As Alex Steffen reminds the urban planners, architects, designers, elected leaders and others involved in the effort, "All those cities are opportunities. A brief history For centuries, successful city-building has required careful attention to the environmental consequences of urban development.
Without this, as Jared Diamond demonstrated in Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, a city inevitably ended up fouling its nest, thus entering a spiral of epidemics, economic hardship, decline and, ultimately, oblivion. Civilizations evolved different ways of dealing with environmental considerations — some with more success than others.
For example, thanks to elaborate aqueducts and sewer systems, the Romans were able to build and sustain for centuries large cities that featured a reliable public water supply and state-of-the-art public health conditions.
In other civilizations, however, residents simply abandoned cities when they could no longer rely on their environment to supply the resources they needed. Often this was a direct result of their own activities: Urban planning got its start as a profession largely dedicated to averting different types of crises arising from urban growth and providing conditions for public health.
This was particularly true in the many 19th century European and North American cities transformed by industrialization and unprecedented rates of population growth.
Rapidly deteriorating air and water quality made it necessary to introduce regulations to protect the health of the residents of these cities.
The planners' first-generation improvements included sewers, water treatment and distribution, and improved air quality through building codes and increased urban green space. It's especially remarkable today to think that these interventions were adopted in response to observable health consequences, but without knowledge of the contamination mechanisms at work: From the late 19th century onward Pasteur's findings bolstered the case for even more urban sanitation improvements, particularly those designed to improve water quality.
Starting in the s, however, planners no longer narrowly targeted immediate health effects on urban residents as their chief environmental concern. Their work also absorbed and reflected Western society's deeper understanding of, and respect for, natural processes and growing awareness of the long-term environmental impacts of cities from the local to the planetary scale.
Rachel Carson is often credited as the first to popularize environmentalism. Published inher landmark book Silent Spring sounded a warning call about how pesticides endanger birds and entire ecological systems.
Soon after, air pollution became a rallying point for environmentalists, as did the loss of large tracks of rural and natural land to accelerated, sprawling development.
Today, sustainable development and smart growth, which largely overlap and address multiple environmental considerations, enjoy wide currency; most urban planning is now based on these principles.Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
Get started now! The Ich bin ein Berliner speech is in part derived from a speech Kennedy gave at a Civic Reception on May 4, , in New Orleans; there also he used the phrase civis Romanus sum by saying "Two thousand years ago the proudest boast was to say, "I am a citizen of Rome." Today, I believe, in the proudest boast is to say, "I am a citizen of the .
Google Drive is a free way to keep your files backed up and easy to reach from any phone, tablet, or computer. Start with 15GB of Google storage – free. Introductory essay Written by the educators who created Ecofying Cities, a brief look at the key facts, tough questions and big ideas in their field.
Begin this TED Study with a fascinating read that gives context and clarity to the material. Crime and Gangster Films are developed around the sinister actions of criminals or gangsters, particularly bankrobbers, underworld figures, or ruthless hoodlums who operate outside the law, stealing and violently murdering their way through life.
In the s, a new type of crime thriller emerged, more dark and cynical - see the section . Urban Decay is a phenomena that is directly associated with large cities. Recent economic developments, local and national transportation policies, as well as population’s tendency to move toward the suburbs foster Urban Decay.