Is culture the same as race? What is a Culture?
The New York Times pointed out that Wikipedia's female participation rate may be in line with other "public thought-leadership forums".
However, analysis with computational linguistics concluded that the way women and men are described in articles demonstrates bias, with articles about women more likely to overuse words relating to gender and family.
The researchers believe that this is a sign Wikipedia editors consider male the "null gender" in other words, that "male" is assumed unless otherwise specified.
To illustrate this point they noted that the page listing pornographic actresses was better organized than the page listing women writers. Sue Gardnerthen executive director of the foundation, said that increasing diversity was about making the encyclopedia "as good as it could be.
Herringa professor of information science and linguistics, said that she was not surprised by the Wikipedia contributors gender gap. She said that the often contentious nature of Wikipedia article "talk" pages, where article content is discussed, is unappealing to many women, "if not outright intimidating.
Reagle reacted similarly, saying that the combination of a "culture of hacker elitism," combined with the disproportionate effect of high-conflict members a minority on the community atmosphere, can make it unappealing.
He said, "the ideology and rhetoric of freedom and openness can then be used a to suppress concerns about inappropriate or offensive speech as "censorship" and b to rationalize low female participation as simply a matter of their personal preference and choice.
They concluded that Wikipedia provided better coverage and longer articles in general, that Wikipedia typically has more articles on women than Britannica in absolute terms, but Wikipedia articles on women were more likely to be missing than articles on men relative to Britannica.
That is, Wikipedia dominated Britannica in biographical coverage, but more so when it comes to men. Similarly, one might say that Britannica is more balanced in whom it neglects to cover than Wikipedia.
For both reference works, article length did not consistently differ by gender. It also reported, "Contrary to the perception of some, our data shows that very few women editors feel like they have been harassed, and very few feel Wikipedia is a sexualized environment.
The authors found that the most likely Wikipedia contributors are high-skilled men and that there is no gender gap among low-skilled editors, and concluded that the "skills gap" exacerbates the gender gap among editors.
Their contributions were found to shift the Wikipedia content from pop-culture and STEM towards social sciences and humanities. The authors also found structural differences in terms of meta-data and hyperlinks, which have consequences for information-seeking activities.
A study found that women participating in an experiment by editing a Wikipedia-like site tended to view other editors as male, and to view their responses as more critical than if the other editor was gender-neutral.
The study concluded that: Furthermore, the relatively high proportion of anonymous editors may exacerbate the Wikipedia gender gap, as anonymity may often be perceived as male and more critical. A study by Ford and Wajcman observes that research on the gender bias continues to frame the problem as a deficit in women.
In contrast, their central argument states that infrastructure studies in feminist technoscience allows the gender analysis to be taken to a further level. It looks at three issues within the infrastructure: It suggests that progress can be made through altering that culture of knowledge production through encouraging alternate knowledge, reducing the technical barriers to editing, and addressing the complexity of Wikipedia policies.
Vitulli wrote in Notices of the American Mathematical Society"The percentage of women editors on Wikipedia remains dismally low.
A draft had been submitted, but was rejected for not demonstrating "significant coverage not just passing mentions about the subject". There are short explanations which don't really say anything about some additional studies.
These need to be read, then explained succinctly. Relevant discussion may be found on Talk: Gender bias on Wikipedia. A study revealed a Wikipedia female participation rate of 13 percent, observed to be close to the 15 percent overall female participation rate of other "public thought-leadership forums".
As well, Wikipedia " It has made some attempts to address it but Gardner has expressed frustration with the degree of success achieved. She has also noted that "in the very limited leisure time women had, they tended to be more involved in social activities instead of editing Wikipedia.
We didn't solve it. The Wikimedia Foundation didn't solve it. The solution won't come from the Wikimedia Foundation. Wales said the Foundation would be open to more outreach and more software changes. Recent edit-a-thons have given specific focus to topics such as Australian female neuroscientists and women in Jewish history.Language, Gender and Bias in American Culture Through language, bias has proliferated in our culture against both women and men.
Language expresses aspects of culture both explicitly and implicitly.4/4(1). Nov 23, · Find new ideas and classic advice for global leaders from the world's best business and management experts. According to an Internet quiz I took, I associate men with careers and women with family.
But the quiz wasn’t a harmless BuzzFeed time killer. It was the Gender-Career Implicit Bias Test, a survey designed by Harvard researchers to test thought processes. My result wasn’t wholly unexpected — I.
Publisher of academic books and electronic media publishing for general interest and in a wide variety of fields. But the source of this gender bias is not necessarily religious; it is a cultural phenomenon that is regrettably promoted under the guise of religion.
The bad news is that this is a reality that exists not only in rural parts of India, but also in modern, urban homes. Objective. The relationship between sex/gender differences and autism has attracted a variety of research ranging from clinical and neurobiological to etiological, stimulated by the male bias .