It began with them and developed with them. The Christians continued to use it. Stages of the history of Apocalyptic Literature First is the biblical stage of the genre.
Scholars believe Ezekiel, with his blending of ceremony and vision, heavily influenced the visionary works of Zechariah 1—8. During the Exile many Judahites and Benjamites were taken to Babylonwhere the prophets told them to make their homes,  suggesting they would spend a long period of time there.
His system divided the different colonies of the empire into easily manageable districts overseen by governors. Zerubbabel comes into the story, appointed by Darius as governor over the district of Yehud Medinata.
Under the reign of Darius, Zechariah also emerged, centering on the rebuilding of the Temple. The rebuilding of the Temple was encouraged by the leaders of the empire in hopes that it would strengthen the authorities in local contexts.
This policy was good politics on the part of the Persians, and the Jews viewed it as a blessing from God. Zechariah Hebrew prophet The name " Zechariah " means "God remembered.
It has been speculated that his grandfather Iddo was the head of a priestly family who returned with Zerubbabel and that Zechariah may himself have been a priest as well as a prophet.
This is supported by Zechariah's interest in the Temple and the priesthood, and from Iddo's preaching in the Books of Chronicles.
Authorship[ edit ] Some scholars accept the book as the writings of one individual. However, most modern scholars believe the Book of Zechariah was written by at least two different people. This has led some to believe that the writer s or editor s of Second Zechariah may have been a disciple of the prophet Zechariah.
Babylonian captivity The return from exile is the theological premise of the prophet's visions in chapters 1—6. Chapters 7—8 address the quality of life God wants his renewed people to enjoy, containing many encouraging promises to them.
Chapters 9—14 comprise two " oracles " of the future. Chapters 1 to 6[ edit ] The book begins with a preface,  which recalls the nation's history, for the purpose of presenting a solemn warning to the present generation.
Then follows a series of eight visions,  succeeding one another in one night, which may be regarded as a symbolical history of Israel, intended to furnish consolation to the returned exiles and stir up hope in their minds.
The symbolic action, the crowning of Joshua describes how the kingdoms of the world become the kingdom of God's Messiah.
Chapters 7 and 8[ edit ] Chapters Zechariah 7 and Zechariah 8, delivered two years later, are an answer to the question whether the days of mourning for the destruction of the city should be kept any longer, and an encouraging address to the people, assuring them of God's presence and blessing.
Chapters 9 to 14[ edit ] This section consists of two "oracles" or "burdens": The first oracle Zechariah gives an outline of the course of God's providential dealings with his people down to the time of the coming of the Messiah. The second oracle Zechariah 12—14 points out the glories that await Israel in "the latter day", the final conflict and triumph of God's kingdom.
Themes[ edit ] The purpose of this book is not strictly historical but theological and pastoral.
The main emphasis is that God is at work and plans to live again with His people in Jerusalem.Zechariah’s prophetic ministry took place in the postexilic period, the time of the Jewish restoration from Babylonian captivity.
For historical details see Introduction to Haggai: Background. Apocalyptic.
Type of biblical literature that emphasizes the lifting of the veil between heaven and earth and the revelation of God and his plan for the world. In “Enoch and the Beginnings of Jewish Interest in Natural Science,” a reprint of his original article, Philip Alexander describes what he sees as a Jewish tradition of studying nature, tracing it from the Hebrew Bible through apocalyptic literature.
Read the Book of Zechariah online. Use highlighting, underlining, and take notes while you study the bible. The Sibylline Oracles are, in their Jewish passages, a part of Jewish Hellenistic literature; inasmuch as they contain eschatological prophecies of future doom and salvation, they are apocalyptic, but in their polemics against idolatry and their apology for Jewish faith, they are a product of Jewish Hellenistic propagandistic literature.
THE LITERARY UNITY OF ZECHARIAH JAMES A. HARTLE* each pericope in Deutero-Zechariah, and (5) the more apocalyptic style of chaps. , particularly chap. Conservative scholars, however, argue The whole of the Jewish people designated by the names of the parts.