But nowhere is the gender pay gap so vast as in the world of sport. Female players fought long and hard for prize money parity, but now there is uproar after Novak Djokovic said men should earn more because their game sells more tickets. Getty Images He said: Serena Williams hit back with as much power as her serve.
Messenger Should professional female athletes be paid the same as their male counterparts? After a public outcry he apologised for his comments. Most of the commentary we hear is just that, commentary.
Are female and male athletes physically different? But how does this affect performance in sport? The biggest discrepancy in muscle distribution between a female and male body is that by and large, women have less muscle in the upper body especially around the shoulders and neck compared to men.
The difference can be as large as 30 per cent in healthy individuals. When applied to sport, the impact is clear.
The time difference between male and female athletes in the m sprint is about 10 per cent. AAP In sports such as javelin, tennis, golf or cricket, female athletes are substantially less strong and powerful in the upper body compared to their male counterparts. For any given task in these sports, women have to work harder.
To drive a golf ball metres, for instance, a woman would need to use per cent of her maximum force whereas a man might draw upon 60 per cent. Ok, we get the biomechanics.
How about the physiology? Men have larger hearts though some might argue the contrary ; greater blood volume, more red blood cells, greater lung capacity and are on average, taller 15cm and larger 10kg than women. The gap does narrow in athletic populationsbut in terms of sports performance this means that for any given athletic task — such as running metres in 11 seconds — a woman athlete would be using almost per cent of her potential, whereas a male athlete might use 90 per cent of his potential to complete that goal.
There are exceptions, such as long distance swimming. Training days Another glaringly large difference between the sexes is the effect athletic training has on female and male bodies.
Because of differences in sex hormones, male athletes have a greater response to training stimuli — such as weight training and strength and conditioning — compared to female athletes. Male muscle tends to grow larger and stronger than female muscle, given comparable training regimes. This again points to differences in athletic potential.
These reasons are why most Olympic sports are divided quite appropriately by sex. Inonly equestrian and one sailing event Nacra 17 will have mixed competitions, where men and women compete for medals on a equal basis. The injury count How about injury? Statistics show, in non-contact sports, that female athletes suffer more knee and shoulder injuries compared to males.
This has been attributed to a wider pelvis thus more knee injuries and smaller muscle mass in the upper body thus more shoulder injuries. So for any given exposure to training or competition, female athletes are more at risk of injury. Needless to say, this would have dire impact on the earning potential of the individual.
On top of that statistic, here are a couple more interesting differences between the sexes. Females suffer more than two times more whiplash injuries in car accidents compared to males. Considering athletes spend time commuting to training and competition, female athletes are at per cent greater risk of injuring their neck if even a minor car accident happens.
Again, the detriment to athletic performance and thus earning potential could be huge. So should women athletes be paid the same as men? Obviously, there are other factors that might influence levels of pay beyond the amount of physical energy exerted.
Still, as a scientist, I deal with biomechanical and physiological facts. And these say female athletes work hard if not harder than their male counterparts to achieve an absolute target — especially in sports such as tennis and cricket.
They expose their bodies to similar, if not higher risks of injury, which could potentially be career ending. Should they be remunerated equally?-The topic in which you chose for this argument exclusively states that male athletes should be paid more than female athletes.
Therefore, you are proposing that if a male athlete is insufficient, then he should still be paid more than a woman because he is a male. Bringing in the dough many people believe that the main reason male athletes get paid a higher salary than women is because men bring in more money.
The women’s Wimbledon final is the day before the men’s but people watch it just the same, so it gets an equal amount of exposure. You have to have common sense with all this.
Why Are Pro Female Athletes Paid So Much Less Than Their Male Counterparts? Getty Images The U.S. women’s team will get a $2 million bonus for . In some recent good news, Cricket Australia’s new pay deal for women will see its top female players become the highest paid team sports athletes in Australia, earning more than A$, a year.
Female sport stars should earn the same as their male counterparts the women were paid £5, as a team and the men received £m. Forbes’s rich list of .