In the context of TE It is a form of critical self-inquiry and reflection, both of which are instrumental to your continued growth in the teaching profession. Unlike other forms of research, action research is not predicated on generalizable results.
I The Influen ce of the Academic Community While some students may interact with the academic community throughout their careers, most eventually leave school and the academy behind. What have the "isolated" interests of the scholarly community to do with those outside this community, whose everyday lives may be focused on the struggle to get or keep a job?
In factthe academy and the world outside it benefit from one another in unmistakable ways. The rigour of academia provides training for those who take the skills they acquired in university out into the world. They are better equipped to confront problems, both in their personal lives and in dealing with the larger concerns of our society and world because of their exposure to the specialized skills, along with the general reading, writing, and critical-thinking skills that the academy seeks to instill.
In less obvious ways, the influence of academic research is far-reaching and consequential. For one thing, the results of major academic studies often help shape our future by influencing government policies.
Government agencies and independent think tanks may consult scholars or commission scholarly research before recommending a particular action; they may even provide the funds for research in areas of interest or concern. Sincegovernments and scientists, including many with connections to universities, have joined forces to produce four assessment reports and many special reports www.
Although the work may be controversial - for example, if it challenges previous findings or interpretations - you can be refworks write and cite tutorial hijab that it is a credible source.
University presses also produce monographsthe term for highly specialized scholarly works or treatises in book form. Trade bookspublished for profit and usually to appeal to a wider audience than books published by academic presses, may also be reliable sources, particularly if they have been received favourably by authorities.
The best way to assess their reliability is by looking for reviews from independent sources. Many journals regularly include book reviews relevant to their subject area.
Do not assumehowever, that every article you locate in your library's database is an academic source. Databases often include bot h scholarly and non -scholarly material.
They are often more current sources than book -length studies because most journa ls publish several times a year, and the pre-publication process is qu icker than with longer works; thus, journals can provide "leading-edge" research in rapidly developing fields.
An increasing number of academic journals publish on ly in online formats. Open-access journals permit free access by users. The publ ishers of such jou rna ls may wish to promote the use of their studies' findings in the interests of a more informed and knowledgeable public.
As with everything you encounter online, however, you should scrutinize such sources for their reliability before using them in your essay. The Directory of Open Access Journals lists more than 5, international open access journalsmany of them peer-reviewed: For complete information about source reliab ility, see pp.
However, the categories are not always clear-cut; for examp le, some academic journals include materia l intended for a more genera l aud ience. Note th at periodical is a general term for the kind of publication that is issued periodically, at regular or semi-regular intervals.
In this text, essays written for a prospe ctive audience comprising scholars, research ers, and professors are referred to as academ ic or scho larly essays, whether they are in book or journal format, while essays written for an audience comprising non -spec ialists who share certain interests, beliefs, or ideo logies are referred to as journa listic essays.
Articl es in mass -circulation magazines or newspapers are usually written for an audience with varied knowledge and interest levels. Although the essays in this text are primar ily scholarly, a few are written for a literate audience of non-specialists and do not conform in all respects to the conventions of scholarly writing.
Furthermore, not all your assignments may be modelled on scholarly conventions or require you to use scholarly discourse. For example, you may be asked to respond online with other class members to an essay and be permitted to write more informally.
In some of your assignments, your instructor may ask you to begin with a hook, a deliberate strategy to engage a reader, such as a catchy phrasequestion, or brief narrative, a technique less used in scholarly writing. Understanding the strategies professional writers use to "spice up" their prose or make it more concise when space is at a premium will give you more options when scholarly conventions are less crucial.
Peer-review e d journal s have t he most authorit y, but non - peer-re viewed jo urna ls cou ld st ill be good schol arly so urces. Mo st databa ses let you search fo r peer review e d article s onl y, excluding ma gaz ines, newspapersan d non-pee r-re viewed scholar ly sourc es.
Another basic feature of academic writing is the emphasis on analysis. When you analyze, you "loosen [something] up. A literary analysis could involve breaking down a poem's stanzas or a novel's narrative to study smaller units, such as metre in a poem or point of view in fiction.
Analysis can serve several functions. Thus, there are various ways that an analysis can proceed: Just as in the academic essays of experts, in most research essays you write, you do not just break down; you also synthesize.
Synthesis is the act of "putting together. However, the data alone are not meaningful or relevant until they are placed within a larger context -th e hypothesis that the experiment was intended to test, for example, or results from similar experiments.
When you organize the sources you have used in your research essays, you, too, will be synthesizing, combining the results of your research to reflect your purpose and approach to your topic.Also, notice that it is not possible to edit Word documents, which have previously been edited in Legacy RefWorks in new RefWorks.
You may want to consider finishing your old projects with Legacy RefWorks and Write-N-Cite during Write-N-Cite for Macintosh Getting started with RefWorks RefWorks is a reference management program that helps you keep track of your references, collaborate with others on group work and add citations to your reports, assignments and research documents.
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