Development of scientific study of human behavior

Timeline of the history of scientific method Aristotle— BCE. A polymath, considered by some to be the father of modern scientific methodologydue to his emphasis on experimental data and reproducibility of its results. This is the greatest piece of Retroductive reasoning ever performed.

Development of scientific study of human behavior

Watson who championed the popular behaviorist movement. This new term, and the perspective on the study of psychology to which it referred, quickly became the dominating school of psychology in American universities. Watson more plainly defined behaviorism by saying that, Behaviorism is the scientific study of human behavior.

Its real goal is to provide the basis for prediction and control of human beings: Given the situation, to tell what the human being will do; given the man in action, to be able to say why he is reacting in that way.

Development of scientific study of human behavior

But by the year he had been able to apply the same experimental procedures to the study of man—the goal he had established for himself in his article. This article has come to be referred to as the Behaviorist Manifesto. His solution to this problem was to study hospital-reared children belonging to wet nurses.

To make the whole process a little more concrete, let us put in front of the three-year-old child, whose habits of manipulation are well established, a problem box—a box that can be opened only after a certain thing has been done; for example, he has to press inward a small wooden button.

Before we hand it to him, we show him the open box containing several small pieces of candy and then we close it and tell him that if he opens it he may have a piece of candy.

This situation is new to him. None of his previously learned formed manipulation habits will completely and instantly work in this situation. None of his unlearned reactions will help him very much. What does he do? That depends upon his previous organization.

If well organized by previous handling of toys, he goes at the problem at once— 1 he picks the box up, 2 he pounds it on the floor, 3 he drags it round and round, 4 he pushes it up against the base-board, 5 he turns it over, 6 he strikes it with his fist. In other words, he does everything he has learned to do in the past in similar situations.

He displays his whole repertoire of acts—brings all of his previously acquired organization to bear upon the new problem. Let us suppose that he has 50 learned and unlearned separate responses at his command. At one time or another during his first attempt to open the box, let us assume that he displays, as he will, nearly all of them before he pushes the button hard enough to release the catch.

The time the whole process takes, we will say, is about twenty minutes. When he opens it, we give him his bit of candy, close up the box and hand it to him again.

The next time he makes fewer movements; the third time fewer still. In 10 trials or less he can open the box without making a useless movement and he can open it in two seconds. The act that is performed most frequently persists while the rest die away.

The act that has been performed most recently is more likely to appear sooner in the next succeeding trial.PSYCHOLOGY THE SCIENCE OF THE MIND AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR Psychological Methods - Final Project Psychology is the scientific approach to analyzing the mind and the cause for human behavior (Schacter, Gilbert, Wegner, ).

Like many other forms of science, it is based on research that is conducted to solve a problem. Dec 06,  · Behaviorism is the scientific study of human behavior.

Its real goal is to provide the basis for prediction and control of human beings: Given the situation, to tell what the human being will do; given the man in action, to be able to say why he is reacting in that way.

May 27,  · Experimental psychology uses classic, laboratory-based, scientific methods to study human behavior: it uses similar techniques to physics, chemistry, or biology, often carried out in a lab, except that instead of studying light rays, chemical reactions, or beetles, the experiments involve ourselves and other people.

Development of scientific study of human behavior

Human embryonic development depends on stem cells. During the course of development, cells divide, migrate, and specialize. Early in development, a group of cells called the inner cell mass (ICM) forms.

Evolutionary Psychology

These cells are able to produce all the tissues of the body. Later in development, during. A highly significant and innovative study that bears on crucial scientific questions, Studying Human Behavior will be essential reading not only for scientists and philosophers but also for science journalists and anyone interested in the engrossing challenges of understanding human behavior.

Study of human development that takes into account all phases of life. Ecological Systems Approach The view that in the study of human development, the person should be considered in all the contexts and interactions that constitute a life.

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