So acute is the dearth of information, particularly documentary evidence, that some of the outstanding women in history have been mistaken for men and their achievements, attributed to male rulers! Introduction Present Benin history is the product of several reconstructions that commenced after the accession of Oba Eweka II in Two central problematics shaped these reconstructions, namely, the glorification drive of cultural nationalism, and the male privileging ethos of a patriarchal gender ideology. The second phase occurred within a scholarly convention and a view of history that devalued women through assuming their irrelevance in political matters Bradbury and through focusing exclusively on European archival materials, giving scant attention to Benin oral and performative traditions Fagg; RyderSargent
For full article, see Beginning of human personhood. The beginning of human personhood is a concept long debated by religion and philosophy. With respect to abortion'personhood' is the status of a human being having individual human rights. The term was used by Justice Blackmun in Roe v.
Will says that the personhood framework could produce significant restrictions on IVF to the extent that reproductive clinics find it impossible to provide the services.
Supreme Court decision, thus filling a legal void left by Justice Harry Blackmun in the majority opinion when he wrote: She writes that "the legal double standard concerning the bodily integrity of pregnant and Africa essay contest 2012 bodies, the construction of women as fetal incubators, the bestowal of 'super-subject' status to the fetus, and the emergence of a father's-rights ideology" demonstrate "that the current terms of the abortion debate — as a contest between fetal claims to personhood and women's right to choose — are limited and misleading.
And the alternative on offer — which severs humanity from personhood — is fraught with peril. If being human is not enough to entitle one to human rightsthen the very concept of human rights loses meaning. And all of us — born and unborn, strong and weak, young and old — someday will find ourselves on the wrong end of that cruel measuring stick.
After all, your life and mine are not protected because of some religious or philosophical belief that others are required to have about us. More accurately, the law protects us precisely in spite of the beliefs of others who, in their own worldviewmay not value our lives. Wade is not merely to allow a medical procedure.
It is to acknowledge that the government has the power to say who is a person and who is not. Who, then, is to limit the groups to whom it is applied? From the first moment of his existence, a human being must be recognized as having the rights of a person—among which is the inviolable right of every innocent being to life.
The state Supreme Court, citing the U. Supreme Court's decision in Planned Parenthood v. Caseyruled in April that the proposed amendment was unconstitutional under the federal Constitution and blocked inclusion of the referendum question on the ballot.
Supreme Court declined to hear an appeal of the state Supreme Court's ruling. Reed  that the 14th amendment applies to women as they are "persons" according to the US Constitution.
Nobody ever voted for that. Balkin states that, at a minimum "the fourteenth amendment was intended to prohibit some forms of sex discrimination-- discrimination in basic civil rights against single women.
Also, other commentators have noted that some people who ratified the Constitution in in other contemporaneous contexts ratified state level Constitutions that saw women as Persons, required to be treated as such, including in rights such as voting.
Daniel Fincke states "Applying the logic to abortion she argues that an involuntarily pregnant woman has the right to refuse to let her body be used by the fetus even were we to reason that the fetus has a right to life. Some fetal homicide laws have caused women to be sentenced to jail time for suspected drug use during her pregnancy that ended in a miscarriage, like the Alabama women who was sentenced to ten years for her suspected drug use.
Inunder the 14th Amendment, black men in the United States became citizens.
Inunder the 15th Amendmentblack men got the right to vote.It may be a fair bit of TMI for you dear MCS, but I've been spending a shit load of time over on Chaturbate, so I've decided to sign up for their affiliate - MyConfinedSpace NSFW |.
BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. We are pleased to announce winners of the third Bad Writing Contest, sponsored by the scholarly journal Philosophy and Literature and its internet discussion group, PHIL-LIT..
The Bad Writing Contest attempts to locate the ugliest, most stylistically awful passage found in a scholarly book or article published in the last few years.
National Geographic stories take you on a journey that’s always enlightening, often surprising, and unfailingly fascinating. MICHAEL MCFAUL is Director of the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University and the author of From Cold War to Hot Peace: An American Ambassador in Putin’s timberdesignmag.com to , he served as U.S.
Ambassador to Russia. The women’s gymnastics team finals air on July 31 am Eastern time and you can watch live coverage of the game and the handing out of the Olympic medals on NBC’s official website for the .