One informal analysis suggests short first names are strongly correlated with higher salaries. They are bad in several ways, and modern glyphs are little better.
Research is medicine's field of dreams from which we harvest new findings about the causes, treatment and prevention of disease. During the 20th century, the triumph of public health and medical interventions as a result of investments in research significantly improved the health and well being of people living in our country.
Inthe average life expectancy for Americans a science nation innovation for global competitiveness essay help just 48 years and the major causes of death then were infectious diseases and, for women, also complications of childbirth.
Since then, food and water safety, improved hygiene and sanitation, vaccines, antibiotics, and other medications, better nutrition and improved access to health care extended Americans' average lifespan by more than 30 years.
That's a 40 percent increase in lifespan in one century--what a remarkable achievement! This represents a greater increase than occurred in the prioryears that the human species has existed!
As a result, nations are facing a chronic disease epidemic with rising rates of heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes, and neurodegenerative illnesses like Alzheimer's.
These chronic illnesses now account for 87 percent of deaths in the United States and nearly 50 percent of mortality and disability in low- and middle-income countries LMICs.
This is why science matters. By generating new knowledge and fueling innovation, science provides solutions to national and global health challenges. And that is why I am honored to be included in this year's Rock Stars of Science campaigna philanthropic initiative supported by the Geoffrey Beene Foundation and GQ magazine.
This educational initiative shines a spotlight on science and scientists, underscoring the urgent need for increased investments in research to find cures for the diseases that devastate people's lives, strategies to promote better health, as well as to attract young people to careers in medical and public health research and practice.
The campaign does this by pairing doctors with rock stars, highlighting the synergies of both professions, in the December, issue of GQ magazine and online. You see, rock stars and scientists share passion, creativity, and the thrill of discovery. Where musicians use their minds, instruments and voices to create new rhythms, researchers use science and technology to make the music of medicine: The campaign draws attention to the fact that in order for the United States to continue making significant improvements in the quality of our lives and in longevity as well as to remain competitive in an increasingly technology-driven global economy, our country must strengthen its investments in science and support a new generation of researchers.
Research is the foundation for all medical and public health interventions. Over the past 50 years there has been an explosion of new knowledge and revolutionary changes in the practice of medicine driven by science and technology.
In fact, more has been learned about health and disease in the past 50 years than in the entire history of medicine. This transformation over the past half century in knowledge about our health has been driven by two major discoveries: Inscientists completed mapping the human genome -- a monumental accomplishment that resulted from an international scientific collaboration begun in Learning more about genes is leading us to a better understanding of disease, earlier detection of illness, and to the development of designer drugs targeting specific genetic misspellings so that certain illnesses might not have to develop in the first place.
It has also produced a new field of personalized medicine where interventions are targeted to the molecular mechanisms and biological signature of a person's illness.
For example, much like antibiotics revolutionized the treatment of infectious diseases, in the war against cancer a disease that will affect 1 out of 3 people in their lifetimesa whole new generation of therapies is being designed based on new knowledge about what gives cancer life in the first place.
New treatments are being developed to trick cancer cells into self-destructing. Other strategies include targeting the genes that tell cancer cells to divide and turning them off. Still other approaches include medications that choke off the blood supply that cancer cells need to grow a process called angiogenesis as well as monoclonal antibodies and vaccines to boost the immune system to fight cancer more effectively as well as to prevent the disease from ever occurring in the first place.
The role of sex and gender differences in these interventions and in the causes, presentation and prevention of disease are being elucidated and is one of the most important frontiers of research in the 21st century.
It is a field that I am proud to have helped advance through research initiatives, advocacy, the use of technology, including the establishment of initiatives such as the National Centers of Excellence on Women's Health at academic centers across the United States, the National Women's Health Information Center, and the " From Missiles to Mammograms " initiative that transferred DOD, CIA, and NASA imaging technology used for intelligence and space exploration to improve breast cancer detection.
A Prevention Revolution Over years ago, Hippocrates wrote, "prevention is preferable to cure. That is why today, more than ever, a prevention revolution is needed given that 50 percent of the cause of the ten leading killers of Americans, including heart disease, stroke, cancer and diabetes, are linked to lifestyle and behavioral factors.
Furthermore, 75 percent of health care costs in the U. More research is required on the environmental factors that affect health including what has changed in our homes, workplaces and the atmosphere such as pollution, environmental toxins,and climate change that may be contributing to rising rates of some diseases in our lifetimes.
Public health research addresses the key role that behavioral, social and environmental factors play in illness and improves our understanding of the causes, treatment and prevention of disease. Through the identification of risk-enhancing and protective factors, this research develops and evaluates interventions to prevent chronic and infectious diseases as well as injuries, including strategies to improve health over the long-term.
Public health research is also a critical component of the science of health care delivery, identifying methods to change health behaviors -- not just of patients, but of doctors, nurses, and the system in which health care services are delivered.
In this regard, a new field of comparative effectiveness research is emerging to inform medical decision -- making by evaluating a broad range of interventions to help produce better outcomes, safety and quality services at a lower cost.
This field of study is an important component of determining the most cost-effective medical and public health interventions, serving as an important ingredient for helping to guide practice standards, accelerating health systems redesign and encouraging innovation in health delivery.
The development and dissemination of such information will have enormous benefits for increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of clinical practice and our health care system where currently patients receive the right treatment only 55 percent of the time.
Furthermore, we must decrease the 15 year science to service gap that currently exists from the time of a new discovery in the laboratory to its wide dissemination and adoption into community practice. In the Information Age, why shouldn't the science to service gap be reduced to a nanosecond?ITIF is an independent, nonpartisan research and educational institute focusing on the intersection of technological innovation and public policy.
Recognized as one of the world’s leading science and technology think tanks, ITIF’s mission is to formulate and promote policy solutions that accelerate innovation and boost productivity to spur growth, opportunity, and progress.
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For a few years starting , the World Bank anchored absolute poverty line as $1 per day. This was revised in , and through , absolute poverty was $ a day for all countries on a purchasing power parity basis, after adjusting for inflation to the U.S. dollar. In , after extensive studies of cost of living across the world, The World Bank raised the measure for global. Academic Writing Service. Online Help 24/7. From $11 per page. Global Competitiveness: Role of Supply chain Management Business today is in a global environment. This environment forces companies, regardless of location or primary market base, to consider the rest of the world in their competitive strategy analysis.
You can view samples of our professional work here. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do.
Anti-Corruption: The Global Fight is a new handbook from IIP Publications that outlines the kinds of corruption, their effects, and the ways that people and governments combat corruption through legislative and civil society actions.
Series on U.S. Science, Innovation, and Economic Competitiveness Retooling to Ensure America Remains No. 1 in the 21st Century SOURCE: AP/ Charles Krupa Giving the innovation engine a tuneup is the first step to ensuring a prosperous and broadly shared economic future for all Americans.
In , President Obama released A Strategy for American Innovation, which recognized the importance of science and engineering as drivers of innovation and identified a strong fundamental research base as critical to innovation, economic growth and competitiveness.
Global Competitiveness: Role of Supply chain Management Business today is in a global environment. This environment forces companies, regardless of location or primary market base, to consider the rest of the world in their competitive strategy analysis.